社会科学のメソドロジー

第27回ワークショップ:Lives, Livelihoods, and Learning: A Global Perspective on the Wellbeing Impacts of the Covid-19 Pandemic

J. Friedman, A Mendes, S Pennings, N Yonzanとの共同研究

報告者Benoit Decerf [世界銀行]

日時:2024年3月4日(月)15:00~16:40

場所:東京大学本郷キャンパス社会科学研究所1F 第二会議室(104号室)
   https://www.iss.u-tokyo.ac.jp/guide/

言語:英語

開催形式:対面

対象:一般公開

報告要旨:This study compares the magnitude of the losses that the COVID-19 pandemic inflicted across three critical dimensions: loss of life, loss of income, and loss of learning. The wellbeing consequences of excess mortality are expressed in years of life lost while those of income losses and school closures are expressed in additional years spent in poverty (as measured by national poverty lines), either currently or in the future. The estimates of wellbeing loss for the average global citizen include a loss of almost 3 weeks of life (19 days), an additional two and half weeks spent in poverty in the years 2020 and 2021 (17 days), and the possibility of an additional month of life in poverty in the future due to school closures (31 days). While the 2020-2021 period witnessed the largest one-year increase in global poverty in many decades, widespread school closure may cause an increase in future poverty almost twice as large. Wellbeing losses are also not equitably distributed across countries. The typical high-income country suffered more total years of life lost than additional years in poverty, while the opposite holds for the typical low- or middle-income country. High-income countries suffered less wellbeing loss than lower income countries unless a year of life lost is valued at least as much as six additional years spent in poverty.

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第28回ワークショップ: Philosophy and Social Sciences

報告題目:The computational self: location in space, time, and possibility (joint work with Julian de Freitas (Harvard), Tomer Ullman (Harvard), & Josh Tenenbaum (MIT))

報告者L.A.Paul [the Millstone Family Professor of Philosophy and Professor of Cognitive Science, Yale University]

日時:2024年3月18日(月)15:00~16:40

場所:東京大学本郷キャンパス赤門総合研究棟5階 センター会議室(549号室)
   http://www.u-tokyo.ac.jp/campusmap/cam01_08_02_j.html

言語:英語

開催形式:対面

対象:一般公開

報告要旨:To think for yourself, you need to be able to solve new and unexpected problems. This requires you to identify the space of possible environments you could be in, locate yourself in the relevant one, and frame the new problem as it exists relative to your location in this new environment. Combining thought experiments with a series of self-orientation games, I will discuss collaborative work that explores the structure of how we perform this computational task. In particular, we propose that the way humans exploit their ability to center on themselves as physical agents in the real world mimics the way we solve what we call "the avatar problem" in a First-person game. In real life, human agents perform the very same computational task, triangulating their perceptual and proprioceptive inputs with different third person representations of themselves to represent themselves as an embodied agent in the world. Understanding this computational feat is relevant for AI researchers trying to build an artificial agent that can truly think for itself and to philosophers interested in centered worlds epistemology.

共催:北海道大学大学院文学研究院宮園健吾研究室

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新着情報

2024年3月19日 ワークショップ
第22回ワークショップ:「The Good the Bad and the Ugly: The Psychology of the Internet」
2024年3月18日 ワークショップ
第28回ワークショップ: Philosophy and Social Sciences
2024年3月 4日 ワークショップ
第27回ワークショップ:Lives, Livelihoods, and Learning: A Global Perspective on the Wellbeing Impacts of the Covid-19 Pandemic
2024年2月 6日 ワークショップ
第26回ワークショップ:Applied Ethics Workshop
2024年1月30日 その他のイベント
第17回研究会開催(法学の方法) 
2024年1月15日 ワークショップ
第25回ワークショップ:「Middle-Class Support for Encompassing Welfare: Self-Reinforcing Policy-Feedback」


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